What is a Traumatic Brain Injury?
Traumatic, or Acquired Brain Injury is an injury to the head, most often caused by a car accident a fall or a direct blow to the head. TBI/ABI can also be caused by sports related injuries. Even a mild brain injury can result in speech, language, thinking, and swallowing difficulties. TBI/ABI can cause to problems at school, work, and everyday activities
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Signs and Symptoms of traumatic brain injury:
Given that your brain controls everything that you do, a brain injury may manifest itself differently, depending on the location and severity of the trauma. Some signs and symptoms may include:
- Physical problems—fainting, seizures, headaches, dizziness and vomiting, problems with balance, and muscle weakness
- Sensory problems—sensitivity to lights, sound, and touch; hearing loss or ringing in the ears; changes in vision or double vision
- Behaviour changes—being more emotional or feeling anxious or angry; feeling depressed or having mood swings
- Problems with thinking skills—difficulty paying attention, remembering, and learning new information; difficulty planning, setting goals, and problem solving
- Speech and language problems—problems being understood because of weak speech muscles (dysarthria) or problems controlling your speech muscles (apraxia of speech in adults and childhood apraxia of speech); problems understanding what others say or what you read; problems finding the words to say what you want or need
- Social communication issues—difficulty following conversational rules, like taking turns and not interrupting; difficulty understanding nonverbal cues, like when someone shrugs their shoulders
- Swallowing problems—trouble chewing, or coughing and choking when you eat (swallowing disorders in adults and feeding and swallowing disorders in children)
*Source: American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
Assessment & Treatment
A team of professionals is typically involved in assessment and treatment of individuals with TBI/ABI.
Assessment for Brain Injury:
Speech-Language Pathologists are qualified to test and diagnose acquired cognitive communication disorders.These may include one or any combination of the following:Motor speech productionFluency (neurogenic stuttering)Oral language (understanding and expression)Written language (reading and writing skills)Cognitive communication (thinking skills, memory, attention, etc.)Social communication (pragmatics)Swallowing
Our Speech-Language Pathologists work in collaboration with other professionals on your team.
Treatment for Brain Injury:
Improving speech clarity and fluency
Expressing thoughts more effectively
Improving understanding of what you read
Improve attention during daily tasks and activities
Improve problem-solving, planning, and organization skills
Improve memory using tools like memory books, calendars, and to-do lists
Improve social skills including taking turns in conversation, reading social cues, etc.
Learn ways to swallow safely
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